The Brownie - Antique and Vintage Cameras

The Brownie

1900

Original Model

Eastman Kodak Co.

Rochester

USA

Image of The Brownie

Lens:
f17, c. 10 cm meniscus lens.

Shutter:
Spring powered sector, T & I settings.

Construction:
Paper covered cardboard.

Format:
6, 2 " x 2 " exposures on 117 roll-film.

Focusing:
None.

Attributes:
No view-finder, 'V' sight lines on top of camera. Film advance indicated by red window.

Identification:
Push-on 'shoe-box' type back.

The first of a series of Brownie cameras was simply called the Brownie. The original model, introduced in February 1900, had a removable back that pushed on to the camera and was held by two spring clips. No view-finder was provided so 'V' sight lines were marked on the top of the camera. In July an accessory finder was made available, as this was optional the sight lines remained.

The original model was made for only a very short time as it was realised that the back clips were a weak point. The improved model, still called the Brownie, was introduced with a hinged back and a sliding catch to keep it in place.

When introduced exposures were on either celluloid or paper roll-film. The paper option was soon discontinued.

In 1901 the camera was designated No. 1 Brownie when other sizes were introduced. The finish of the Original, improved and early versions of the No. 1 models was smooth, later a grained finish was used.

The camera was particularly aimed at children and others new to photography. As with the Kodak camera of 1888 Eastman produced a low cost camera aimed at a particular market and backed this with intensive marketing and mass production.

The price of the camera was 5/- and 1/- for the finder, celluloid film cost 7d and 5d for paper film.

References & Notes:
BJA 1901, pp. 260, 931. Lothrop, Century, p. 93. Coe, Kodak Cameras, p. 34.

The Brownie

Improved Model

1900

Eastman Kodak Co.

Rochester

USA

Image of The Brownie

Lens:
f17, c. 10 cm meniscus lens.

Shutter:
Spring powered sector, T & I settings.

Construction:
Paper covered cardboard.

Format:
6, 2 " x 2 " exposures on 117 roll-film.

Focusing:
None.

Attributes:
No built-in view-finder, 'V' sight lines on top of camera. Film advance indicated by red window.

Identification:
Hinged back with sliding catch.

With:
Accessory view-finder. This is an early version of the finder with two prominent screw-heads visible on the front of the case.


Company Details:

Kodak

The Kodak

No. 3 Kodak

No 4 Kodak Junior

No. 2 Bulls-eye Kodak

Pocket Kodak

Quick Focus Kodak

The Brownie

No.1 Brownie

No.2 Brownie

No.2A Brownie

No.0 Brownie

No.2 Cartridge Hawkeye

Portrait Hawkeye No.2

Six-20 Brownie

Popular Brownie

Hawkeye Major

Six-16 Brownie

Beau Brownie

Baby Box

Box Tengor

Erabox

Agfa

Ensign Box-Form

Ensign Cadet

APeM

Puck

Imperial Portrait Camera

No. 2 Camera

Modern No. 2 Camera

Supreme De Luxe

Warwick

Varsity Camera

Coronet

Box Carbine

J-B Ensign

E29

All-Distance Ensign

Ensign All-Distance 20

May Fair

Baby Brownie

Baby Hawkeye

Brownie 127

Brownie 127

Brownie Cresta

Brownie 44A

Brownie Reflex

Duaflex

Instamatic

ISO Rapid

Pocket Instamatic

Kodak Disc

Ful-Vue

Coronet Popular Twelve

No. 2 Film-Pack Hawk-Eye

Little Nipper

B-P Criterion

Baby Camera

Wonder Camera