Kodak A Ordinary - Antique and Vintage Cameras

Kodak A Ordinary

1891

Eastman Kodak Co.

Rochester

USA

Image of Kodak A Ordinary

Lens:
Single achromat.

Shutter:
String set sector shutter. Self-capping. For instantaneous exposures the string was pulled until two clicks were heard, for time exposures the string was pulled only part way when a single click was heard.

Construction:
Polished wood body.

Format:
24, 2 " x 3 " exposures on darkroom loaded roll-film.

Focusing:
Fixed.

Attributes:
V sight-lines, no view-finder.
Auto-stop on film advance. Frame counter.

Serial Number:
1184 .

With:
Two spools, one has a grip to hold the film the other has black cloth attached, possibly from a Daylight model camera.

The Ordinary series (A, B and C) was introduced as a cheaper option to the earlier Kodak No. 1 etc. They also had the advantage of a frame counter and an automatic stop when advancing the film. The A model did not have a view-finder, the B and C models did.

The film for the Ordinary model was wound on a core and sold wrapped and in a box. It was attached to the core by a brass clamp and wound emulsion side out, the take-up core did not have a clamp and the film was wound emulsion side in. The camera was re-loaded in a darkroom by orange light. To load the camera the end of the film was attached by gummed strips to the take-up core or clamped to an empty 'feed' core (from the previously exposed roll of film). After an exposure a lever on the top of the camera was moved, this freed the core so that the film could be wound onto the take-up core, the lever also advanced the exposure counter and operated a punch which marked the film.

After all the exposures had been taken the film could returned to Kodak either in the original box or the whole camera could be returned. The photographer was encouraged to develop the film themselves. To do this the film was cut up near the the punch mark and each exposure was developed separately in a dish.

A similar range of cameras was introduced under Daylight name, these could be loaded in subdued light, the film had black cloth attached to each end and was held in a pair of cartridges. These cameras were leather covered.

Neither the Ordinary or Daylight proved popular and the two ranges were soon discontinued. Coe gives the number of A Ordinary models produced as 2050.

References & Notes:
Kodak Cat. 1894, p. 33. Coe, Kodak Cameras, p. 24.


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