Enlargers - Antique and Vintage Cameras

Horizontal Enlarger

1900s

J.T. Chapman

Manchester

England

Image of Horizontal Enlarger

Lens:
Optimus Projection lens, Petzval type with slot for Waterhouse stops.

Construction:
Mahogany with canvas bellows and iron lamphouse.

Format:
6 " x 8 " negatives.

Attributes:
8" condenser. 21" bellows extension. Oil illuminant.

Notes:
Optimus address on lens: Perken, Son & Rayment. 99 Hatton Garden. Lamp housing marked Registered no. 273239.

With:
7 Waterhouse stops in Optimus pouch. Orange filter. Negative carrier.

Horizontal enlargers consist of a lamphouse, condenser, negative carrier, bellows and lens. The holder for the paper is mostly separate. They were popular from the 1880s and still available in the 1930s.

N&G Folding Enlarger

c. 1909

Model B

Newman & Guardia Ltd

London

England

Image of N&G Folding Enlarger Model B

Lens:
Missing.

Construction:
Blackened Mahogany with Leather and canvas bellows.

Format:
2 " x 3 " negatives, 6 " x 8 " prints.

Notes:
Address: 90 & 92 Shaftesbury Av.

With:

  • Two 6 x 4.5 cm negative holders (portrait and landscape).
  • Two opal and two ground glass diffusing screens, these are held by brackets that attach to the negative holder.
  • Support to place under the bellows to prevent sagging.
  • Key to remove lens cells with instructions.
  • Fitted case.

Newman & Guardia produced a number of enlargers both box form and larger folding models. The model shown here was known as the 'N&G Folding Enlarger'. It comprised a folding camera to which a smaller (quarter-plate or 2 " x 3 ") camera was attached. Two forms were made, Model A used a Sibyl (or similar) as the smaller camera, Model B included a smaller bellows camera. The enlarger was intended for daylight use and made in sizes for either whole or half-plate copies. The illustrations in the N&G catalogue (c. 1911) show the smaller camera, holding the negative, to have a simple plate holder, on this example the negative is held in a moveable panel that can be positioned to select part of the negative.

References & Notes:
N&G Cat. c. 1911, p. 73.

Sibyl Folding Enlarger

New Special Sibyl model

Newman & Guardia Ltd

London

England

Image of Sibyl Folding Enlarger New Special Sibyl model

Construction:
Blackened Mahogany with Leather bellows.

Format:
2 " x 3 " negatives, 6 " x 8 " prints.

With:

  • Dark-slide to hold the print with reducing frames for half-plate and postcard.
  • Two extension pieces to fit onto the back of the Sibyl. One for 2 " x 3 " negatives the other for 2" x 2 " negatives (2" x 3" roll-film ?).
  • Diffusing screen.
  • Frame for magnesium ribbon.
  • 'The New N&G Folding Portable Enlarging Camera' - pamphlet.

This was produced in two sizes, for the Baby and New Special Sibyl. The Sibyl camera is deployed as the negative holder. The bellows of the enlarger attach to the camera lens. An extension piece fits onto the back of the Sibyl in place of the darkslide, the negative clips to the rear of the extension piece. A ground glass diffuser fits behind the negative and a frame hooks onto the diffuser to which strips of magnesium can be attached. Either daylight or magnesium ribbon could be used as the illuminant.

References & Notes:
N&G Cat. c. 1926, p. 11.

Focomat 1

Model of 1935

E. Leitz G.M.B.H.

Wetzlar

Germany

Image of Focomat 1 Model of 1935

Lens:
f3.5, 5 cm Elmar. Scale of relative exposure factors. Click stops.

Format:
24 x 36 mm, 3 x 4 cm or 4 x 4 cm negatives.

Attributes:
Auto-focus. 75 watt opal bulb. 40" column. 15 " x 20 " baseboard. Switch on baseboard to control lamp.

With:
"Enlarging Equipment" - pamphlet d. Feb 1936. "Leitz Enlarger Focomat with automatic Focusing" - pamphlet d. Apr 1937. Masking frame, 10" x 8".

The Focomat is a very well engineered enlarger introduced in 1934, a little later (c. 1935) a locking lever was incorporated to clamp the masking frame to the baseboard. There are three spring catches around lens holder to switch the auto-focus between formats. The negative number is displayed through a red filter onto the baseboard. The masking frame has adjustable borders.

Code Names:
VIWOO - Focomat. YOOSV - Additional code for 40" column. FPYOO - Masking Frame. VAROB - Lens. 7040b - Pamphlet. 7612a - Pamphlet.

References & Notes:
Leitz Cat. 1936, p. 77. BJA 1935, p. 289.

Agiscope

c. 1955

Agilux Ltd

Croydon

England

Image of Agiscope

Lens:
C. 2 " Fixed in helical mount that is part of the enlarger. Fixed aperture.

Construction:
Plastic body.

Format:
24 x 36 mm, 1 ⅝" x 1 ⅝", 1 ⅝" x 2 ", 1 ⅝" x 2 ", 2 " x 2 ", 2 " x 3 " negatives.

Attributes:
60 watt bulb. 13" x 15" baseboard, 22" angled column.

With:

  • Film carrier, opal glass, aluminium and red celluloid masks.
  • "The most modern enlarger of them all" - pamphlet.

Agiscope

c. 1955

Agilux Ltd

Croydon

England

Lens:
C. 2 " Fixed in helical mount that is part of the enlarger. Fixed aperture.

Construction:
Plastic body.

Format:
24 x 36 mm, 1 ⅝" x 1 ⅝", 1 ⅝" x 2 ", 1 ⅝" x 2 ", 2 " x 2 ", 2 " x 3 " negatives.

Attributes:
60 watt bulb. 13" x 15" baseboard, 22" angled column.

With:
Film carrier, opal glass, aluminium masks.

The Agiscope is very modern (for the time) in styling with extensive use of plastic. It was aimed at those new to enlarging.

References & Notes:
BJA 1956, p. 496.

MPP Universal Enlarger

1965

Micro Precision Products

Kingston upon Thames

England

Image of MPP Universal Enlarger

Format:
24 x 36 mm, 2 " x 2 ", 2 " x 3 " negatives.

Attributes:
16" x 18" baseboard, 30" column.

With:

  • Film carriers for 24 x 36 mm and 2 " x 2 " negatives.
  • Condenser pairs for 24 x 36 mm and 2 " x 2 " negatives.
  • Brochure.

The Universal was a developed from the Model 1 introduced in 1945. The head is mounted on a parallelogram movement and is counterbalanced by a weight suspended inside the column. Two sizes of baseboard were available, 16" x 18" and 24" x 24", the smaller size was fitted with a 30" column, the larger with either a 30" or 40" column.

References & Notes:
Skinner, MPP Story, p. 72. Blue-Book 1968-69, p. 190.

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