Enlargers - Antique and Vintage Cameras

Horizontal Enlarger

1900s

J.T. Chapman

Manchester

England

Image of Horizontal Enlarger

Lens:
Optimus Projection lens, Petzval type with slot for Waterhouse stops.

Construction:
Mahogany with canvas bellows and iron lamphouse.

Format:
6 " x 8 " negatives.

Attributes:
8" condenser. 21" bellows extension. Oil illuminant.

Notes:
Optimus address on lens: Perken Son & Rayment. 99 Hatton Garden. Lamp housing marked Registered no. 273239.

With:
7 Waterhouse stops in Optimus pouch. Orange filter. Negative carrier.

Horizontal enlargers consist of a lamphouse, condenser, negative carrier, bellows and lens. The holder for the paper is mostly separate. They were popular from the 1880s and still available in the 1930s.

N&G Folding Enlarger

c. 1909

Model B

Newman & Guardia Ltd

London

England

Image of N&G Folding Enlarger

Lens:
Missing.

Construction:
Blackened Mahogany with Leather and canvas bellows.

Format:
2 " x 3 " negatives, 6 " x 8 " prints.

Notes:
Address: 90 & 92 Shaftesbury Av.

With:

  • Two 6 x 4.5 cm negative holders (portrait and landscape).
  • Two opal and two ground glass diffusing screens, these are held by brackets that attach to the negative holder.
  • Support to place under the bellows to prevent sagging.
  • Key to remove lens cells with instructions.
  • Fitted case.

Newman & Guardia produced a number of enlargers both box form and larger folding models. The model shown here was known as the 'N&G Folding Enlarger'. It comprised a folding camera to which a smaller (quarter-plate or 2 " x 3 ") camera was attached. Two forms were made, Model A used a Sibyl (or similar) as the smaller camera, Model B included a smaller bellows camera. The enlarger was intended for daylight use and made in sizes for either whole or half-plate copies. The illustrations in the N&G catalogue (c. 1911) show the smaller camera, holding the negative, to have a simple plate holder, on this example the negative is held in a moveable panel that can be positioned to select part of the negative.

References & Notes:
N&G Cat. c. 1911, p. 73.

Focomat 1

Model of 1935

E. Leitz G.M.B.H.

Wetzlar

Germany

Image of Focomat 1

Lens:
f3.5, 5 cm Elmar. Scale of relative exposure factors. Click stops.

Format:
24 x 36 mm, 3 x 4 cm or 4 x 4 cm negatives.

Attributes:
Auto-focus. 75 watt opal bulb. 40" column. 15 " x 20 " baseboard. Switch on baseboard to control lamp.

With:
"Enlarging Equipment" - pamphlet d. Feb 1936. "Leitz Enlarger Focomat with automatic Focusing" - pamphlet d. Apr 1937. Masking frame, 10" x 8".

The Focomat is a very well engineered enlarger introduced in 1934, a little later (c. 1935) a locking lever was incorporated to clamp the masking frame to the baseboard. There are three spring catches around lens holder to switch the auto-focus between formats. The negative number is displayed through a red filter onto the baseboard. The masking frame has adjustable borders.

Code Names:
VIWOO - Focomat. YOOSV - Additional code for 40" column. FPYOO - Masking Frame. VAROB - Lens. 7040b - Pamphlet. 7612a - Pamphlet.

References & Notes:
Leitz Cat. 1936, p. 77. BJA 1935, p. 289.

Agiscope

c. 1955

Agilux Ltd

Croydon

England

Image of Agiscope

Lens:
C. 2 " Fixed in helical mount that is part of the enlarger. Fixed aperture.

Construction:
Plastic body.

Format:
24 x 36 mm, 1 ⅝" x 1 ⅝", 1 ⅝" x 2 ", 1 ⅝" x 2 ", 2 " x 2 ", 2 " x 3 " negatives.

Attributes:
60 watt bulb. 13" x 15" baseboard, 22" angled column.

With:

  • Film carrier, opal glass, aluminium and red celluloid masks.
  • "The most modern enlarger of them all" - pamphlet.

Agiscope

c. 1955

Agilux Ltd

Croydon

England

Lens:
C. 2 " Fixed in helical mount that is part of the enlarger. Fixed aperture.

Construction:
Plastic body.

Format:
24 x 36 mm, 1 ⅝" x 1 ⅝", 1 ⅝" x 2 ", 1 ⅝" x 2 ", 2 " x 2 ", 2 " x 3 " negatives.

Attributes:
60 watt bulb. 13" x 15" baseboard, 22" angled column.

With:
Film carrier, opal glass, aluminium masks.

The Agiscope is very modern (for the time) in styling with extensive use of plastic. It was aimed at those new to enlarging.

References & Notes:
BJA 1956, p. 496.

MPP Universal Enlarger

1965

Micro Precision Products

Kingston upon Thames

England

Image of MPP Universal Enlarger

Format:
24 x 36 mm, 2 " x 2 ", 2 " x 3 " negatives.

Attributes:
16" x 18" baseboard, 30" column.

With:

  • Film carriers for 24 x 36 mm and 2 " x 2 " negatives.
  • Condenser pairs for 24 x 36 mm and 2 " x 2 " negatives.
  • Brochure.

The Universal was a developed from the Model 1 introduced in 1945. The head is mounted on a parallelogram movement and is counterbalanced by a weight suspended inside the column. Two sizes of baseboard were available, 16" x 18" and 24" x 24", the smaller size was fitted with a 30" column, the larger with either a 30" or 40" column.

References & Notes:
Skinner, MPP Story, p. 72. Blue-Book 1968-69, p. 190.

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