Contaflex - Antique and Vintage Cameras

Contaflex

1935

Zeiss-Ikon A. G.

Dresden

Germany

Image of Contaflex

Lens:
f2.8, 5 cm Zeiss Tessar, iris diaphragm to f22. Bayonet mount. Serial no. 2240404 (1938).

Viewing lens f2.8, 8 cm Sucher. Serial no. 1656814 (1935).

Shutter:
Metal vertically running focal-plane, speeds 1/2 - 1/1000, B. Delayed action.

Construction:
Leather covered metal body.

Format:
36, 24 x 36 mm exposures on 35 mm cine film held in special cassettes or standard cassettes. Two cassettes can be used or one with the film being re-wound.

Focusing:
To 1 metre.

Attributes:
Reflex through viewing lens. Ground glass waist-level screen with condenser showing field of view for 5, 8.5 and 13.5 cm lenses. Magnifier in hood. Parallax correction for 5 cm lens. Albada finder, showing field of view of 5 and 8.5 cm lenses.
Film advance tensions the shutter, interlocked to release. Auto-stop.
Uncoupled selenium exposure meter, scaled 20 - 35 Scheiner.
Depth-of-field scale on lens.

Identification:
Version with lever to magnifier.

Serial Number:
Z42239 (c. 1934) .

With:

  • f2.8, 3.5 cm Biogon, iris diaphragm to f22. Helical focusing to 4 feet. Depth-of-field scale. Rear cap. Serial no. 2029347 (c. 1937).
  • f2, 8.5 cm Sonnar, iris diaphragm to f16. Helical focusing to 4 feet. Depth-of-field scale for f8 and f16. Serial no. 1986676 (c. 1937).
  • f4, 13.5 cm Sonnar, iris diaphragm to f22. Helical focusing to 6 feet. Depth-of-field scale to f16. Lens cap and suede bag. Serial no. 2233610 (c. 1938).
  • 42 mm push-on mount filters: GR55, Yellow/green filter in brown case; Red.
  • Plate back adapter with 3 nickel single metal slides, 2 glass plates, 1 chrome single metal slide in box.
  • Ever-ready case.

The Contaflex was the flagship camera from Zeiss-Ikon and the first camera with a built-in photo-electric exposure meter, it further boasted interchangeable lenses and, novel on a focal-plane camera, delayed action.

It is, though, an odd and not very successful design. Combing the successful 35 mm format with the ease-of-use of a twin-lens reflex e.g. Rolleiflex, was a nice idea; pretty soon the practicalities should have caused a rethink, but once Zeiss engineers have settled on a course no design issue is so great that it can't be fixed by another gear train (preferably bevel). The result was a very heavy cumbersome camera packed full of mechanism. The focal-plane shutter (based on the Contax I) is in the lower half of the camera, the knob that tensions the shutter, sets the speed and advances the film is in the top half, requiring a lot of movement and setting information to be transmitted between the two.

The small size of the 35 mm image ruled out the simple option of providing interchangeable lenses in pairs as used on the later Mamiya TLR cameras. The focusing screen had to be made larger and so the viewing lens had to be a longer focal length, one of 8 cm was chosen, this also had the advantage of reducing the depth-of-focus making critical focusing easier. The coupling between the viewing and taking lens is by a metal block at the bottom of the taking lens throat. A lever around the viewing lens is used to focus the 5 cm lenses, when this is rotated the block moves around the throat. The block engages a socket in each lens, this rotates and engages the helical focusing thread of the lens. Long-focus lenses work in the opposite way, they are focused by turning the lens which in turn moves the viewing lens.

A condenser lens is incorporated into the focusing screen giving a bright screen especially at the edges. A huge Albada finder forms the front of the viewing hood, this showed the field of view for 5 and 8.5 cm lenses. The mirror surface of the Albada was also for use in self-portraits in conjunction with the delayed action timer. The focusing screen is marked for the two telephoto fields of view. Looking into the focusing hood the user would be able adjust the exposure meter needle shown in a window to the left of the hood.

The meter is uncoupled and works in a similar way to the Contax III. The controls are placed around the viewing lens, first an index is set against the film speed, the 'shutter' dial is then used to line up the meter needle against a mark in the meter window, the shutter/aperture pairs can then be read and transferred to the camera controls.

There is a separate shutter release when the delayed action timer is in use.

Early versions have a lever to raise the magnifier in the hood, later this was replaced by a catch, other variations are the film speed numbers which are in DIN or Scheiner.

The weight of the camera with the f2.8 Tessar was 50 oz. and the cost £64.12.6. The camera and lenses shown would have cost £150.

The accessory lenses are not always easy to fit to the camera; the long sunk mount tends to bind in the camera throat. The 13.5 cm is a particular heavy lens and requires only a short movement to extend the lens for focus to 6 feet, making critical focusing difficult.

Lenses available:

  • f1.5 5 cm Sonnar.
  • f2 5 cm Sonnar.
  • f2.8 5 cm Tessar.
  • f2 8.5 cm Sonnar (1936).
  • f4 8.5 cm Triotar (1936).
  • f4 13.5 cm Sonnar (1936).
  • f2.8 3.5 cm Biogon (1937).
  • f4.5 3.5 cm Orthometer (1938).

Accessories available included:

  • View-finder for 3.5 cm lenses, this fits on the bayonet around the taking lens.
  • Attachment to fit Contameter (1343) of Contax I and II.
  • Plate Back.
  • Leather focusing hood.
  • Flash bulb synchroniser.
  • Mirror for focusing hood.
  • Lens hoods, these have a rectangular opening and fit the bayonet surrounding the lens, two were produced for the 5 cm Tessar or 5 cm Sonnars.
  • Focusing screen adapter, this fits onto the lens.
  • Reproduction stands.
  • Microscope attachment.
  • Outfit cases.
  • Adapter to fit lens to the Ikomat enlarger.

Code Names:
860/13 - Plate back. 540/14 - Slides. 328/10 - Red filter.

References & Notes:
ZI Cat. 1936, p. 34. ZI Cat. 1937, pp. 48, 58, 66, 73. Contax Photography (1938), pp. 26, 43, 49, 63, 61, 71. BJA 1936, pp. 266, 545. BJA 1937, p. 550.

Further Information:
The 1936 BJA advertisement shows the lever to the magnifier, the 1937 BJA advertisement shows the catch. Tubbs, ZI Cameras. Wright & Matanle, Contax Checklist, p. 49.

Illustrations:
Isenberg, p. 171.

Homéos

Eka

Amourette

Sept

Ansco Memo

Leica I(a)

Leica I(b)

Leica I(c)

Leica Standard

Leica II

Stereo attachment

Leica III

Leica Motor

Leica IIIa

Leica IIIb

Leica IIIc

Leica 250

Leica Single Exposure

Leica Ic

Leica IIc

Leica IIIc

Leica If Black Dial

Leica IIf Black Dial

Leica IIIf Black Dial

Leica IIf Red Dial

Leica IIIf Red Dial

Leica Ig

Leica IIIg

Leica M3

Leica M2

Contax I

Contax II

Contax III

Super Nettel

Nettax

Tenax II

Tenax I

Contaflex

Korelle K

Argus A

Argus C-2

Argus K

Retina I

Karat

Karat

Certo Dollina

Super Dollina

Compass II

Eljy

Finetta 88

Robot II

Mercury II

Adox 300

Fed 2

Prominent

Vitessa T

Agimatic

Werra IV

Advocate

Periflex

Reid

Kiev 4

Retinette 1B

Super Shot 2.4

KI Monorail