Automat - Antique and Vintage Cameras

Automat

1909

Rim-set Model

Bausch & Lomb Optical Co.

Rochester

USA

Image of Automat

Shutter Type:
Three blade diaphragm. Spring powered.

Attributes:
Speeds 1/100 - 1/25, B, T. Everset type.

With:
f8, 180 mm Extra Rapid Aplanat.

This shutter replaced the two-blade Automat. It was also advertised as the New Automat. Some advertisements show a dial-set arrangement others rim-set. The speed range varies between examples.

References & Notes:
BJA 1910, pp. 679, 1144. BJA 1912, pp. 409, 1103.

Universal

1910

Dial-set model

Ilex Optical Co.

Rochester

USA

Shutter Type:
5 blade diaphragm. Spring powered, gear train to regulate speeds.

Attributes:
Speeds 1/150 - 1, B, T. Everset type.

With:
f6, 5.75" Aldis Anastigmat No.2. Serial no. 100120.

Ilex shutters were the first to use a gear train to vary the exposure. The Universal has a slow top speed and is everset. The Acme with a higher top speed has a setting lever. Around 1921 the shutters were re-designed. The casing was streamlined with rim setting of the speeds in place of dial set.

References & Notes:
BJA 1917, p. 737. BJA 1922, p. 757.

Ball Bearing

1909

No. 0

Eastman Kodak Co.

Rochester

USA

Shutter Type:
Diaphragm type. Three blades, spring powered. Finger and cable release.

Attributes:
Speeds 1/50, 1/25, B, T. Cable and finger release. Iris settings of 1 - 4. Everset.

Notes:
From a No. 1 Autographic Kodak Junior of c. 1914.

With:
4 " meniscus lens.

The Ball Bearing was one of the most poplar Kodak shutters. It was made in two forms - No. 0 with three blades and speeds of 1/50, 1/25 and No.1 with five blades and speeds of 1/100, 1/50, 1/25. The No. 1 form had an exposure counter when introduced in 1909, later this was dropped. The No. 0 was introduced in 1912.

References & Notes:
BJA 1910, p. 673. Kodak Cat. 1915, pp. 8, 34.

Kodamatic

1921

Eastman Kodak Co.

Rochester

USA

Shutter Type:
Three blade diaphragm. Spring powered, gear train exposure control.

Attributes:
Speeds 1/150 - 1/2, B, T. Mounted between the lens.

With:
f4.5, 130 mm Kodak Anastigmat lens. Serial no. 6361.


Company Details:

Kodak

Guerry Flap Shutter

Phoenix

Lancaster Rotary

Unnamed Studio Shutter

Idento Sector

N&G Sector

Lancaster See-Saw

Sands' Patent

Simplex

Nydia

Newman's Patent

The Adjustable

Single blade Return

Linhof

Le Perpetuel

Derval, Vario, Nettar

Victor, Unicum, Argos
Automat, I T B

Regular, Junior
Trichro, Eastman Triple Action

Compound

Compur

Koilos

Ibso, Vario

Automat, Ilex
Ball Bearing, Kodamatic

Luc, Agilux
T-P Gun Camera

B&L Iris, Goerz Sector, Volute
Pocket Automatic

T-P T&I

T-P Time, Studio, Snap-Shot

T-P Stereo

N&G Roller-Blind

Kershaw Patent

Roller-Blind

T-P Focal-Plane

N&G Focal-Plane

Minex

Eye-lid