Multiple Images - Antique and Vintage Cameras

Cafe - Koffie

Image of Cafe - Koffie

Two images each mounted in cardboard to allow movement, image size 1 ⅝" x 1 ". The photograph is a composite of three images.

These were produced to advertise a cafe, printed on the front of the mount: Cafe - Koffie, Unica, L van Daele. Tel 144 - Aalter. Subjects are a man drinking a glass of beer and changing expression in a girl's face. Printed on 35 mm cine film.

Changing Expression

Image of Changing Expression

2" x 1 ⅝" image in 4 " x 3 " mount. The photograph is a composite of two images. The rear of the mount carries instructions and patent information.

This is probably by Cinema Traders who marketed this type of photograph as 'Living Pictures'.

Composite Photographs consist of two parts:

  • An image which is made up from a sequence of thin strips of two or more original photographs. A mask is used at the taking or printing stage.
  • A print of the mask that was used.
These are superimposed in either order, whichever is at the front is printed on celluloid or similar. A small movement of the image relative to the mask will then display, in sequence, each of the original images. In the examples shown here the mask and image are attached by loose paper hinges which allow movement.

This type of image shares characteristics of the much earlier 'two-way' and 'three-way' images and with later lenticular images. A simple animated effect is possible.

References & Notes:
BP 106680/1916 (Describes a dark-slide with moveable mask.). BP 106681/1916. BP 114173/1918. Hopwood (Living Pictures) describes an earlier patent, BP 2623/1890, by L.Brenan. These types of images are described by Liesegang in Dates and Sources.

Three Way Image

Image of Three Way Image

Religious ikon in frame 7 " x 6".

Consists of a background image with vertical strips of card in front of it, an image is on each side of the strips. Three images can be seen depending on the viewpoint.

Lenticular Postcard

Image of Lenticular Postcard

No 133 - Winky Girl. Toppan Top stereo. Copyright by Printing Studio AG, Zurich. The postcard has been used and has a date of, possibly, 1972.

Lenticular images consist of narrow strips of two or more images interleaved behind cylindrical lenses. Each lens has the width of one set of images (i.e. if the print consists of two images then each lens covers a pair of strips).

This technology can be used to produce different effects:

  • Two images can be shown, tilting the print shows one or the other image.
  • If several images are interleaved then simple transformations or animations can be shown.
  • A stereo effect is produced if the strips are very fine, each eye will see the appropriate stereo image.
  • The Kodacolor process, introduced in 1928, used a lenticular film base to record red, green and blue image strips that were re-combined on projection to form a colour image.

Camera Obscura

Camera Lucida

Claude Glass

Artist's Filters




Multiple Images

Flip Books





Shadow Puppets

Japanese Mirror




Peep Egg